Roger Clarke’s Main Publications
Papers on Identity

© Xamax Consultancy Pty Ltd,  1995-2017
Photo of Roger Clarke

This document lists my main papers in this particular area, in reverse chronological order. This page is updated to 30 June 2017. Papers since then are indexed on my What's New Page.

A separate document provides an annotated bibliography.

The key paper is:

Based on citations and hits, the most important of the c. 20 refereed papers are:

More recent works are:


Chronological List of Papers

The papers are listed in chronological order, earliest first. The refereed papers (about 20 of them) are left-justified. Unrefereed papers are indented. Presentations are double-indented. The titles of the more significant steps along the line of development are in bold-face type.

Clarke R. (1987) ''Just Another Piece of Plastic for Your Wallet': The Australia Card' Prometheus 5,1 (June 1987), at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/OzCard.html

Clarke R. (1988) 'Information Technology and Dataveillance' Commun. ACM 31,5 (May 1988) 498-512, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/CACM88.html

Clarke R. (1992) 'The Resistible Rise of the Australian National Personal Data System' Software L. J. 5,1 (January 1992), at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/SLJ.html

Clarke R. (1993) 'Computer Matching and Digital Identity' Presentation at Computers, Freedom & Privacy (CFP'93) in San Francisco, Xamax Consultancy Pty Ltd, February 1993, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/CFP93.html

Clarke R. (1994a) 'The Digital Persona and its Application to Data Surveillance' The Information Society 10,2 (June 1994), at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/DigPersona.html

Clarke R. (1994b) 'Dataveillance: Delivering '1984' Chapter 4 in Green L. & Guinery R. (Eds.) 'Framing Technology: Society, Choice and Change' Allen & Unwin, Sydney, 1994, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/PaperPopular.html

Clarke R. (1994c) 'Dataveillance by Governments: The Technique of Computer Matching' Information Technology & People 7,2 (June 1994) 46-84, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/MatchIntro.html

Clarke R. (1994d) 'Information Technology: Weapon of Authoritarianism or Tool of Democracy?' Proc. IFIP World Congress, Hamburg, September 1994, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/PaperAuthism.html

Clarke R. (1994e) 'Human Identification in Information Systems: Management Challenges and Public Policy Issues' Info. Technology & People 7,4 (December 1994), at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/HumanID.html

Clarke R. (1995) 'When Do They Need to Know 'Whodunnit?' The Justification for Transaction Identification; The Scope for Transaction Anonymity and Pseudonymity' Panel Session Contribution, Computers, Freedom & Privacy Conference, San Francisco, 31 March 1995, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/PaperCFP95.html

Clarke R. (1996) 'Identification, Anonymity and Pseudonymity in Consumer Transactions: A Vital Systems Design and Public Policy Issue' Proc. Conf. 'Smart Cards: The Issues', Sydney, 18 October 1996, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/AnonPsPol.html

Clarke R. (1996) 'Smart Cards' Threats to Privacy' in 'Smart Cards and the Future of Your Money', Centre for Electronic Commerce, Monash University / The Australian Commission For The Future, June 1996, pp. 157-184, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/ACFF.html#Threats

Greenleaf G.W. & Clarke R. (1997a) 'Privacy Implications of Digital Signatures' Proc. IBC Conf. on Digital Signatures, Sydney, March 1997, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/DigSig.html

Clarke R. (1997b) 'Promises and Threats in Electronic Commerce' Notes for an interview by ABC Quantum, 15 August 1997, Xamax Consultancy Pty Ltd, August 1997, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/EC/Quantum.html

Clarke R. (1997c) 'Public Interests on the Electronic Frontier: Their Relevance to Policy-Formation for I.T. Security Techniques' Invited Address to IT Security '97, IIR Conferences, 14 & 15 August 1997, Rydges Canberra, Republished in Computers & Law No. 35 (April 1998) pp.15-20, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/II/IIRSecy97.html

Clarke R. (1997c) 'Chip-Based ID: Promise and Peril' Proc. Int'l Conf. on Privacy, Montreal September 1997, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/IDCards97.html

Clarke R. (1997d) 'Five Most Vital Privacy Issues' Invited Comments to Michel Venne, for the Montreal Daily, Le Devoir, at the Conference in Montreal, 23-26 September 1997, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/VitalPriv.html

Clarke R., Dempsey G., Ooi C.N. & O'Connor R.F. (1998a) 'Technological Aspects of Internet Crime Prevention' Proc. Conf. Internet Crime, Invited Paper for Australian Institute for Criminology, 16-17 February 1998, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/II/ICrimPrev.html

Clarke R. (1998a) 'Smart Card Technical Issues Starter Kit', for Centrelink, April 1988, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/SCTISK.html

Clarke R., Dempsey G., Ooi C.N. & O'Connor R.F. (1998b) 'The Technical Feasibility of Regulating Gambling on the Internet' Proc. Conf. 'Gambling, Technology & Society: Regulatory Challenges for the 21st Century', Sydney, May 1998, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/II/IGambReg.html

Clarke R. (1998b) 'Public Key Infrastructure: Position Statement', Xamax Consultancy Pty Ltd, May 1998, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/PKIPosn.html

Clarke R. (1999a) 'The Legal Context of Privacy-Enhancing and Privacy-Sympathetic Technologies', Presentation at AT&T Research Labs, Florham Park NJ, 5 April 1999, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/Florham.html

Clarke R. (1999b) 'Privacy-Enhancing and Privacy-Sympathetic Technologies - Resources' Xamax Consultancy Pty Ltd, April 1999, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/PEPST.html

Clarke R. (1999d) 'Anonymous, Pseudonymous and Identified Transactions: The Spectrum of Choice' Proc. IFIP User Identification & Privacy Protection Conference, Stockholm, June 1999, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/UIPP99.html

Smith A.O. & Clarke R. (1999e) 'Identification, Authentication and Anonymity in a Legal Context' Proc. IFIP User Identification & Privacy Protection Conference, Stockholm, June 1999, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/AnonLegal.html

Clarke R. (1999f) 'Person-Location and Person-Tracking: Technologies, Risks and Policy Implications' Proc. 21st International Conf. Privacy and Personal Data Protection, Hong Kong, September 1999. Revised version published in Info. Techno. & People 14, 1 (2001) 206-231, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/PLT.html

Clarke R. (2000a) 'Famous Nyms' Xamax Consultancy Pty Ltd, June 2000, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/FamousNyms.html

Clarke R. (2000b) 'How to Ensure That Privacy Concerns Don't Undermine e-Transport Investments', Proc. AIC e-Transport Conf., Melbourne, July 2000, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/EC/eTP.html

Clarke R. (2000c) 'Interview re Biometrics' Xamax Consultancy Pty Ltd, September 2000, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/BiometixIview.html

Clarke R. (2001a) 'Introducing PITs and PETs: Technologies Affecting Privacy' Privacy Law & Policy Reporter 7, 9 (March 2001), at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/PITsPETs.html

Clarke R. (2001b) 'Roger Clarke's PITs and PETs Resources Site' Xamax Consultancy Pty Ltd, February 2001, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/PITsPETsRes.html

Clarke R. (2001c) 'Biometrics and Privacy' Xamax Consultancy Pty Ltd, April 2001, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/Biometrics.html

Clarke R. (2001d) 'Research Challenges in Emergent e-Health Technologies' Notes to accompany a Panel Session on 'Research Challenges in Emergent e-Health Technologies', IFIP TC8 Conference on 'Developing a dynamic, integrative, multi-disciplinary research agenda in E-Commerce / E-Business', Salzburg, 22-23 June 2001, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/EC/eHlthRes.html

Clarke R. (2001e) 'The Fundamental Inadequacies of Conventional Public Key Infrastructure' Proc. Conf. ECIS'2001, Bled, Slovenia, 27-29 June 2001, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/II/ECIS2001.html

Clarke R. & Dempsey G. (2001) 'The Feasibility of Regulating Gambling on the Internet' Managerial and Decision Economics 22 (2001) 125-132, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/II/FeasIGR.html

Clarke R. (2001f) 'Can Digital Signatures and Public Key Infrastructure Be of Any Use in the Health Care Sector ???' Notes for a Panel Session on 'PKI in Health' at the Health Informatics Conference, Canberra, 30 July 2001, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/EC/PKIHlth01.html

Clarke R. (2001g) 'Certainty of Identity: A Fundamental Misconception, and a Fundamental Threat to Security' http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/journals/PLPR/Privacy Law & Policy Reporter 8, 3 (September 2001) 63-65, 68, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/IdCertainty.html

Clarke R. (2001h) ''Authentication Technologies and Their Privacy Implications: Technology and Policy Foundations' Support materials for an invited presentation to the Symposium on 'Authentication Technologies and Their Privacy Implications', run by the Computer Science and Telecommunications Board (CSTB) of the National Academy of Sciences, Dulles Hyatt, Washington DC, 3-4 October 2001, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/II/NASATPI01.html

Clarke R. (2001i) 'Authentication: A Sufficiently Rich Model to Enable e-Business' Xamax Consultancy Pty Ltd, December 2001, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/EC/AuthModel.html

Clarke R. (2002a) 'Biometrics in Airports: How To, and How Not To, Stop Mahommed Atta and Friends' Xamax Consultancy Pty Ltd, February 2002, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/BioAirports.html

Clarke R. (2002b) 'Panel Contributor's Notes', for a Panel on 'Biometrics Face-Off: Can Biometrics Systems Promise Better Security without Destroying Privacy and Civil Rights?', at Computers, Freedom & Privacy 2002, April 2002, http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/NotesCFP02.html#BiomRC

Clarke R. (2002c) 'Biometrics' Inadequacies and Threats, and the Need for Regulation' Xamax Consultancy Pty Ltd, April 2002, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/BiomThreats.html

Clarke R. (2002d) 'Biometrics Inadequacies & Threats & Privacy-Protective Architecture' Presentation at the University of Hong Kong, May 2002, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/BiomHKU.ppt

Clarke R. (2002e) 'The Scope for Privacy-Sensitive Biometric Architecture' Xamax Consultancy Pty Ltd, May 2002, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/BioArch.html

Clarke R. (2002f) 'eAuthentication: Where's the Public Interest?', Presentation to Baker & McKenzie CyberLaw and Policy Centre, UNSW, 11 July 2002, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/EC/eAuthCPLC020711.html, plus slide-set

Clarke R. (2002g) 'The Mythology of Consumer Identity Authentication', Statement for a Panel Session on 'Understanding e-Business: Can we remain anonymous in the marketplace?' Proc. 24th Int'l Conf. of Data Protection & Privacy Commissioners, Cardiff UK, 9-11 September 2002, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/AnonDPPC02.html

Clarke R. (2002h) 'W(h)ither PKI?' Presentation to the China Information Technology and Law Centre, Departments of Law and CSIS, University of Hong Kong, 25 September 2002, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/II/HKPKI02.html

Clarke R. (2003a) 'SmartGate: A Face Recognition Trial at Sydney Airport' enhanced version, Xamax Consultancy Pty Ltd, February 2003, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/SmartGate.html

Clarke R. (2003b) 'ENUM - A Case Study in Social Irresponsibility' Privacy Law & Policy Reporter 9, 10 (March 2003) 181-18, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/enumISOC02.html

Clarke R. (2003c) 'Biometrics Bibliography' Xamax Consultancy Pty Ltd, March 2003, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/BiomBibl.html

Clarke R. (2003d) 'Authentication Re-visited: How Public Key Infrastructure Could Yet Prosper' Proc. 16th Int'l eCommerce Conf., at Bled, Slovenia, 9-11 June 2003, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/EC/Bled03.html

Clarke R. (2003e) 'Why Biometrics Must Be Banned' Abstract of a Presentation at the Baker & McKenzie Cyberspace Law & Policy Centre Conference on 'State Surveillance after September 11', Sydney, 8 September 2003, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/Biom030908.html, plus slide-set

Clarke R. (2003f) 'Identification and Authentication Fundamentals' Introduction to a session on 'Authentication and Identification: New Paradigms', at the Conference on 'State Surveillance after September 11', at U.N.S.W. on 8 September 2003, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/CLPC030908.html

Clarke R. (2003g) 'eAuthentication Realities: You want to authenticate what???' Presentation in 11 cities across Australia, July-October 2003, for the Australian Computer Society Professional Development Board, Xamax Consultancy Pty Ltd, August 2003, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/EC/ACSeAuth.html, plus slide-sets

Clarke R. (2004a) 'Australian Govt Tries To Make Face-Recognition Look Good' Xamax Consultancy Pty Ltd, February 2004, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/SmartGate040207.html

Clarke R. (2004b) 'Submissions re Passport Biometrics', on behalf of the Australian Privacy Foundation (co-authored, February-March), of 17 February, 25 February, 2 March, and 15 March, at http://www.privacy.org.au/Papers/indexPolicies.html#Pass

Clarke R. (2004c) 'Identification and Authentication Glossary' Xamax Consultancy Pty Ltd, extract from pp. 57-65 of 'Identity Management: The Technologies, Their Business Value, Their Problems, and Their Prospects' Xamax Consultancy Pty Ltd, March 2004, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/EC/IdAuthGloss.html

Clarke R. (2004d) 'Identity Management: The Technologies, Their Business Value, Their Problems, Their Prospects' Xamax Consultancy Pty Ltd, March 2004, at http://www.xamax.com.au/EC/IdMngt.html

Clarke R. (2004e) 'Identification and Authentication Fundamentals' Xamax Consultancy Pty Ltd, May 2004, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/IdAuthFundas.html

Clarke R. (2004f) 'Biometric Insecurity' Invited Presentation to the AusCERT Conference, Gold Coast, May 2004, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/AusCERT0405.html

Clarke R. (2004g) 'Identity and Nymity: Public Policy Issues' Invited Presentation to the Government of Ontario Enterprise Architecture Conf., June 2004, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/EC/IdNymPPI.html

Clarke R. (2004h) 'The Concepts of (Id)entity, Nymity and Authentication' Invited Presentation at the University of Ottawa, June 2004, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/UOttINA.html

Clarke R. (2004i) 'Identity Management; and PIAs' Invited Presentation at the Office of the Privacy Commissioner of Canada, June 2004, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/OPCC0406.html

Clarke R. (2004j) 'Identity Management? Or (Id)Entity Mismanagement?' Presentation for the ACS(Canberra) Branch Conference, November 2004, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/EC/ACSID0411.html

Clarke R. (2005a) 'ENUM Trials Create Serious Privacy Concerns' Xamax Consultancy Pty Ltd, 8 July 2005, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/ENUM0507.html

Clarke R. (2005b) 'Resources on ID Cards', for the Australian Privacy Foundation, July 2005, at http://www.privacy.org.au/Campaigns/ID_cards/Resources.html

Clarke R. (2005c) 'National ID Card Proposals: Position Statement' July 2005, on behalf of the Australian Privacy Foundation, at http://www.privacy.org.au/Campaigns/ID_cards/NatIDScheme.html

Clarke R. (2005d) 'MyKad - the Malaysian ID Card' Xamax Consultancy Pty Ltd, July 2005, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/MyKad.html

O'Neill R. (2005) 'IDologists' by Rob O'Neill, in Next (Technology Insert in Sydney Morning Herald and Melbourne Age), 2 August 2005, © The Sydney Morning Herald, 2005, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/IDologists050802.html

Clarke R. (2005e) 'Human-Artefact Hybridisation: Forms and Consequences' Proc. Ars Electronica 2005 Symposium on Hybrid - Living in Paradox, Linz, Austria, 2-3 September 2005, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/SOS/HAH0505.html

Clarke R. (2005f) 'Human-Artefact Hybridisation and the Digital Persona' Background Information for an Invited Presentation to the Ars Electronica 2005 Symposium on Hybrid - Living in Paradox, Linz, Austria, 2-3 September 2005, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/SOS/HAHDP0505.html

Clarke R. (2006a) 'National Identity Schemes - The Elements' Xamax Consultancy Pty Ltd, February 2006, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/NatIDSchemeElms.html

Clarke R. (2006b) '(Id)entities Management, and Nym Management, for People not just of People' Invited Panel Presentation, 7th Annual Privacy & Security Conference of the Government of British Columbia, 9-10 February 2006, Victoria BC, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/IdMngt-BC-0602.html

Clarke R. (2006c) 'National Identity Cards? Bust the Myth of 'Security über Alles'!' Invited Panel Presentation, 7th Annual Privacy & Security Conference of the Government of British Columbia, 9-10 February 2006, Victoria BC, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/NatID-BC-0602.html

Clarke R. (2006d) 'Avoid the Mythologies of Identity Control and Rediscover a Sense of Balance and Proportion' Invited Presentation at Identity Management 2006, 7-8 March 2006, Sydney Convention & Exhibition Centre, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/EC/IdMngtMyths06.html

Clarke R. (2006e) 'Smart Cards and Biometrics: Is a Nightmare-Free Australia Card Feasible?' Invited Presentation to the A.C.T. Society of Technology and the Law, Canberra, 23 March 2006, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/ID-ACTSTL-0603.html

Wigan M. & Clarke R. (2006) 'Social Impacts of Transport Surveillance' Proc.. RNSA Workshop on Social Implications of Information Security Measures upon Citizens and Business, Uni. of Wollongong, 29 May 2006. Published in Michael K. & Michael M.G. (Eds.) 'The Social Implications of Information Security Measures on Citizens and Business' Research Network Secure Australia, 2006, Chapter 2, pp. 27-44, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/SITS-0604.html

Clarke R. (2006f) 'The Costs of 'National Security' to Privacy, and to Business' Invited Presentation at the Australian Information Security Association's Annual Seminar, Sydney, 24 November 2006, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/EC/NSC-0611.html

Clarke R. (2007a) 'The National ID Scheme Proposal: Technology, Project Feasibility and Security Aspects' Notes for a Roundtable on 'Does Australia need the Access Card?' at the Centre for Independent Studies, Sydney, 4 April 2007, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/AC-CIS-070404.html

Clarke R. (2007b) 'The Howard Government's Proposed National ID Scheme' Slide-set for the Australian Privacy Foundation, July 2007, at http://www.privacy.org.au/Papers/AccessCard-070717.ppt

Clarke R. (2007c) 'Notes for a Panel Session on Security, Privacy & Reliability' AFR GovTech, Canberra, 19-20 July 2007, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/EC/GovTech07.html

Clarke R. (2008a) 'Automated Number Plate Recognition (ANPR)' Policy Statement for the Australian Privacy Foundation, March 2008, at http://www.privacy.org.au/Papers/ANPR-0803.html

Clarke R. (2008b) '(Id)Entities (Mis)Management The Mythologies underlying the Business Failures' Xamax Consultancy Pty Ltd, Prepared for an Invited Keynote at 'Managing Identity in New Zealand', Wellington NZ, 29-30 April 2008, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/EC/IdMngt-0804.html

Clarke R. (2008c) 'You Are Where You've Been: Location Technologies' Deep Privacy Impact' Invited Keynote at a Seminar on 'Location Privacy' at the University of N.S.W. on 23 July 2008, Xamax Consultancy Pty Ltd, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/YAWYB-CWP.html

Clarke R. (2008d) 'Terminology Relevant to 'Identity in the Information Society'' Xamax Consultancy Pty Ltd, August 2008, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/IdTerm.html

Clarke R. (2008e) 'Business Cases for Privacy-Enhancing Technologies' Chapter 7 in Subramanian R. (Ed.) 'Computer Security, Privacy and Politics: Current Issues, Challenges and Solutions' IDEA Group, 2008, pp. 135-155, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/EC/PETsBusCase.html

Clarke R. & Wigan M. (2008) 'You Are Where You've Been: Location Technologies' Deep Privacy Impact' Proc. Third Workshop on Social Implications of National Security, Canberra, 23-24 July 2008, in Michael K. & Michael M.G. (2008) 'Australia and the New Technologies: Evidence Based Policy in Public Administration' Research Network Secure Australia, July 2008, pp. 100-114, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/YAWYB-CW.html

Clarke R. (2008f) 'Dissidentity: The Political Dimension of Identity and Privacy' Identity in the Information Society 1, 1 (December, 2008) 221-228, at http://www.springerlink.com/content/273829u634861073/fulltext.pdf, Preprint at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/Dissidentity.html

Clarke R. (2009a) 'A Sufficiently Rich Model of (Id)entity, Authentication and Authorisation' Proc. IDIS 2009 - The 2nd Multidisciplinary Workshop on Identity in the Information Society, LSE, 5 June 2009, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/ID/IdModel-090605.html, and 'Glossary', at http://www.rogerclarke.com/ID/IdModelGloss.html

Clarke R. (2009b) 'Consumer Acceptance of Potentially Intrusive Identity Authentication Mechanisms' Xamax Consultancy Pty Ltd, June 2009, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/EC/CAIdA-0906.html

APF (2009) 'Policy Statement re eHealth Data and Health Identifiers' Australian Privacy Foundation, August 2009, at http://www.privacy.org.au/Papers/eHealth-Policy-090828.pdf

Clarke R. (2009c) 'Lessons from a Sufficiently Rich Model of (Id)entity, Authentication and Authorisation' Seminar at University of Toronto, Xamax Consultancy Pty Ltd, October 2009, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/ID/IdModel-UT-091026.html

Clarke R. (2010a) 'A Sufficiently Rich Model of (Id)entity, Authentication and Authorisation' Xamax Consultancy Pty Ltd, February 2010, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/ID/IdModel-1002.html

Clarke R. (2010a) 'Application of the Model' Xamax Consultancy Pty Ltd, February 2010, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/ID/IdModel-App-1002.html

Clarke R. (2010c) 'Glossary' Xamax Consultancy Pty Ltd, February 2010, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/ID/IdModel-Gloss-1002.html

Clarke R. (2011) 'Reactions to Mozilla's BrowserID Proposal' Xamax Consultancy Pty Ltd, July 2011, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/II/BrowserID-1107.html

Michael K. & Clarke R. (2012) 'Location and Tracking of Mobile Devices: Überveillance Stalks the Streets' Comp. L. & Security Rev. 29, 1 (Jan-Feb 2013), at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/LTMD.html

Clarke R. (2014) 'The Nature of the Digital Persona and Its Implications for Data Protection Law' Presentation at Bahçesehir Üniversitesi, Besiktas, Istanbul, 20 January 2014, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/ID/DP14.html

Clarke R. (2014) 'Persona Missing, Feared Drowned: The Digital Persona Concept, Two Decades Later' Information Technology & People 27, 2 (Jun 2014) 182 - 207, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/ID/DP12.html

Clarke R. (2015) 'Political Freedom: Positive and Negative Effects of Mobile and Internet Applications' Working Paper for a seminar in Bielefeld, Xamax Consultancy Pty Ltd, March 2015, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/Biel15.html

Clarke R. (2016) Can We Productise Secure eWorking Environments? Workshop for 11th IFIP Summer School on Privacy and Identity Management, 21-26 August 2016, Karlstad, Sweden, at http://www.rogerclarke.com/DV/SeWE16.html



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