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Extract from 'Guidelines on the Protection of Privacy
and Transborder Flows of Personal Data' OECD, Paris, 1980
[The OECD frequently reorganises its web-site and breaks the links to the OECD Guidelines. This is a mirror intended to help people who are in a hurry and who can't find the OECD's copy ...]
1. There should be limits to the collection of personal data and any such data should be obtained by lawful and fair means and, where appropriate, with the knowledge or consent of the data subject.
2. Personal data should be relevant to the purposes for which they are to be used, and, to the extent necessary for those purposes, should be accurate, compete and kept up-to-date.
3. The purposes for which personal data are collected should be specified not later than at the time of collection and the subsequent use limited to the fulfilment of those purposes or such others as are not incompatible with those purposes and as are specified on each occasion of change of purpose.
4. Personal data should not be disclosed, made available or otherwise used for purposes other than those specified in accordance with [Principle 3] except:
(a) with the consent of the data subject; or
(b) by the authority of law.
5. Personal data should be protected by reasonable security safeguards against such risks as loss or unauthorised access, destruction, use, modification or disclosure of data.
6. There should be a general policy of openness about developments, practices and policies with respect to personal data. Means should be readily available of establishing the existence and nature of personal data, and the main purposes of their use, as well as the identity and usual residence of the data controller.
7. An individual should have the right:-
(a) to obtain from the a data controller, or otherwise, confirmation of whether or not the data controller has data relating to him;
(b) to have communicated to him, data relating to him
(i) within a reasonable time;
(ii) at a charge, if any, that is not excessive;
(iii) in a reasonable manner; and
(iv) in a form that is readily intelligible to him;
(c) to be given reasons if a request made under sub-paragraphs (a) and (b) is denied, and to be able to challenge such denial; and
(d) to challenge data relating to him and, if the challenge is successful, to have the data erased, rectified, completed or amended.
8. A data controller should be accountable for complying with measures which give effect to the principles stated above.
The content and infrastructure for these community service pages are provided by Roger Clarke through his consultancy company, Xamax.
From the site's beginnings in August 1994 until February 2009, the infrastructure was provided by the Australian National University. During that time, the site accumulated close to 30 million hits. It passed 50 million in early 2015.
Sponsored by Bunhybee Grasslands, the extended Clarke Family, Knights of the Spatchcock and their drummer
Xamax Consultancy Pty Ltd
ACN: 002 360 456
78 Sidaway St, Chapman ACT 2611 AUSTRALIA
Tel: +61 2 6288 6916
Created: 5 May 1996 - Last Amended: 5 May 1996 by Roger Clarke - Site Last Verified: 15 February 2009
This document is at www.rogerclarke.com/DV/OECDPs.html