Linda and Roger's Bunhybee Grasslands

Plant Species

This is a page within Roger and Linda's Bunhybee Grasslands Web-Site.

Bunhybee Grasslands is a 49 hectare / 120 acre conservation property 35km south of Braidwood, in southern N.S.W.

You can follow through the internal links, or you may find it easier to use the Site-Map.

Lists of the plant species found on the property have been broken into:

  1. (Small) Flowering Plants (about 120 native and 20 introduced)
  2. Trees and Shrubs (about 20 and 3)
  3. Grasses (about 40 and 20)

The classifications are pragmatic, and are not intended to satisfy botanists!! (But of course we'd appreciate any outright errors being corrected).

We've (a little boldly) expanded the original and enormously valuable Plant Species List of about 205 to about 220 – although there are many of the originals that we haven't identified ourselves yet. Currently, we have photos on the site of about 60 of them.

For each page (including pro tem this one), there are two tables:

  1. Native Species
  2. Introduced Species

This set of pages was developed from Appendix C from the Plan of Management provided by NCT (original copy archived here).

That listed 172 native species (Table 1), and 31 introduced species (Table 2), which had been recorded during a number of informal ground surveys in 2007-08.

This page contains additions and amendments arising from our experiences between early 2008 and 4 March 2009, together with the following:

BUT the long list below is frozen at 4 March 2009. For the current lists, see above.


Bold Font: Species that are threatened (Vulnerable or Endangered under the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 or the Environmental Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999)

Asterisk (*) and Bold Font: Species that are noxious or environmental weeds.

Cross-Hatch (#): Species added by us to the list originally provided by NCT

FC = Frequency Code / Abundance: Rp/c = rare patches or clumps < 3 patches with < 10 plants per patch, R = Rare at site (< 3 plants), O = Occasional (<5% cover), Ip/c = intermittent patches or clumps, I = intermittent/subdominant, F = frequent/dominant

Photo-Links are to: our own photos (Us), the Australian Plant Image Index (APII), the Bega Valley Plant Index (Bega), and the International Environmental Weed Foundation (IEWF).

Table 1: Native Species

Scientific Name
Common Name
Photo Links
Acacia brownii
  APII Bega Bega R/p
Acacia dealbata
Acacia gunnii
Ploughshare Wattle Us APII APII APII R/p
Acacia mearnsii
Late Black Wattle APII APII APII R
Acacia melanoxylon
Blackwood Wattle APII APII APII R
Acaena x anserovina
Acaena novae-zelandiae
Bidgee Widgee Bega Bega APII APII RBGSyd R
Acaena ovina
Sheepís Burr Us Bega Bega, APII APII APII R
Acrotriche serrulata
Honeypots Us Bega Bega Bega Bega O
Adiantum aethiopicum
Maidenhair Fern APII Bega Bega R/p
Agrostis meulleriana
Ajuga australis
Austral Bugle Us ASGAP Bega Bega Bega R
Allocasuarina distyla
Alternanthera sp.
Lesser Joy-weed Bega  
Amyema pendulum (should be pendula?)
A mistletoe APII APII APII Bega Bega Bega Bega O
Aristida ramosa
Purple Wire-grass APII O/p
Asperula conferta
Common Woodruff APII Bega Bega O
Asplenium flabellifolium
Necklace Fern APII APII Bega R
Astroloma humifusum
Cranberry Heath APII APII Bega R
Austrodanthonia carphoides
Short Wallaby Grass   R/p
Austrodanthonia laevis
  APII Bega  
Austrodanthonia spp
Wallaby Grasses   O
Austrostipa densiflora
Brushtail Speargrass   R
Austrostipa falcata
Cork-screw grass   I
Banksia marginata
Silver Banksia APII Bega Bega R
Bossiaea buxifolia
Box-leaved Bossiaea Bega Bega Bega O
Bossiaea prostrata
Creeping Bossiaea Us Us APII APII Bega Bega O
Bothriochloa macra
Red-grass Bega Bega Bega Bega O
# Brachycome decipiens
(Brachyscome is
common, but wrong)
  Us APII  
Brachycome heterodonta
Lobe-seeded Daisy   R
Brachycome rigidula
Brachycome scapigera
Brachyloma daphnoides
Daphne Heath APII APII Bega Bega Bega Bega O/p
Bulbine bulbosa
Bursaria spinosa
  APII APII Bega Bega Bega  
Caesia calliantha
  Us APII  
Callistemon sieberi
River Bottlebrush APII APII R/p
Calotis glandulosa
Carex breviculmis
Short-stemmed sedge APII Bega Bega O
Carex tereticaulis
Carex sp.
A sedge   O
Cassinia longifolia
Dolly Bush APII APII Bega Bega Bega R
Cassinia sp.
A cassinia   R
Centipeda minima
Common or Spreading Sneezeweed Bega R/p
Chamaecyce drummondii
Caustic Weed   R
# Cheilanthes austrotenuifolia
A rock-fern Us Bega  
Cheilanthes sp.       R
Chenopodium pumilo (pumilio?)
Small Crumbweed Bega Bega O
Chloris truncata
Windmill Grass Bega Bega Bega  
Chrysocephalum apiculatum
Common Everlasting Us Us Us Us ASGAP APII APII APII Bega Bega O/p
Chrysocephalum semipapposum
Clustered Everlasting Us APII APII APII Bega Bega Bega Bega R

Convolvulus angustissimus
(syn. C. erubescens)

Blushing Bindweed Us Us Bega Bega R
Cotula australis
Water Buttons? Or Carrot Weed? Bega R
Craspedia variabilis
Billy Buttons APII O
Crassula sieberiana
Australian Stonecrop APII Bega Bega O
Cymbonotus lawsonianus
Austral Bearís ear Us APII O
Daviesia mimosoides
Leafy or Bush Bitter-pea APII APII APII APII Bega R
Desmodium varians
Slender Trick-trefoil APII Bega R
Dianella longifolia
Smooth Flax-lily Bega Bega Bega Bega R
Dichelachne crinita
A plume-grass   O
Dichelachne rara
A plume grass   R
Dichondra repens
Kidney Weed APII Bega  
Diuris chryseopsis
(Early) Golden Moth Orchid Us Us Bega Bega O
Diuris sulphurea
Tiger Orchid APII Bega Bega R/p
Eleocharis ?gracilis
Elymus scaber
Common Wheat-grass   O
Enneapogon nigricans
Nineawn Grass   R
Epacris microphylla.
A heath   R/p
Epilobium billardierianum
La Billardiereís Willowherb   R
Eragrostis parvifolia
Weeping Lovegrass   R
Eragrostis trachycarpa
Eucalyptus aggregata
Black Gum   R
Eucalyptus dives
Broad-leaved Peppermint   O/p
Eucalyptus pauciflora
Snow Gum   O
Eucalyptus rubida
Candlebark   O/p
Eucalyptus viminalis
Manna Gum or Ribbon Gum   R
Euchiton involucratum
A cudweed   R
Euchiton sphaericum (sphaericus?)
A cudweed Bega APII ANBG O
Exocarpus cupressiformis
Cherry Ballart   OS
Fimbristylis dichotoma
Galium gaudichaudii
Rough Bedstraw   R
Geranium antrorsum
Antrorse Geranium   R
Geranium solanderi
Native Geranium Bega Bega Bega R
Glycine clandestina
Twining Glycine Bega Bega Bega APII R
# ? Glycine tabacina   ?Us ?Us Bega Bega Bega APII APII APII  
Gompholobium minus
Dwarf Wedge-pea Us Us APII APII O
Gonocarpus tetragynus
Common Raspwort Us APII O
Goodenia hederacea
Ivy-leaf Goodenia Us Us APII APII O
Goodenia hederacea ssp. alpestris
  Bega Bega APII  
Hakea microphylla (prob. microcarpa)
Small-fruited Hakea Us Bega Bega Bega R/p
Haloragis heterophylla
Swamp Raspwort Bega Bega Bega APII O
Hardenbergia violacea
Native Sarsparilla; Purple Coral Pea ASGAP Bega Bega APII R
Helichrysum rutidolepis     Bega Bega APII APII APII  
# Helichrysum scorpioides
  Us Bega Bega Bega  
Hemarthria uncinata
Mat-grass Bega Bega O/p
Hibbertia obtusifolia
Grey Guinea-flower Us Us APII APII APII O
Hovea linearis
Creeping Hovea Us O
Hydrocotyle algida
Swamp Pennywort Us R
Hydrocotyle laxiflora
Stinking Pennywort    
Hypericum gramineum
Small St Johnís Wort Us Us APII R/p/c
Hypericum japonicum
A St Johnís Wort Bega Bega APII APII R
Hypoxis hygrometrica
Golden Weather Grass Us Bega Bega APII APII APII  
Isoetopsis graminifolia
Grass Cushion   O
Isotoma fluviatilis
Swamp Isotome   R
Joycea pallida
Red-anthered Wallaby Grass Bega Bega Bega APII APII APII APII APII APII R/p
Juncus filicaulis
Pinrush   R
Juncus fockei
Juncus planifolius
Juncus sp.
A rush   R
Kunzea parvifolia
Violet or Small-Leaved Kunzea ASGAP APII APII APII APII O/p
Lachnagrostis filiformis
Laxmannia gracilis
Wire Lily Bega APII R/p
Leptorhynchos squamatus
Scaly Buttons Us Us Us Bega Bega Bega APII APII O
Leptospermum lanigerum
Woolly or Silky Teatree ASGAP APII APII APII  
Leptospermum myrtifolium
A teatree APII O/p
Leptospermum obovatum
A teatree Us APII O/p
Leptospermum polygalifolium
Tantoon, Yellow Tea Tree ASGAP Bega Bega Bega APII O
Leucopogon fraseri
A beard-heath Bega O
Leucopogon virgatus
Slender Beard-heath Us Us Bega APII O/p
Linum marginale
Native Flax Us Us Bega Bega APII APII APII  
Lomandra filiformis
Wattle Mat-rush   O
Lomandra longifolia
Spiny Mat-rush   R
Lomandra multiflora
Many-flowered Mat-rush   R
Lomatia ilicifolia
Holly-leaf Lomatia   R
# Luzula densiflora
A woodrush Us  
Luzula sp. (maybe flaccida?)
A woodrush Bega O
Lythrum hyssopifolium (ia?)
Purple Loosestrife Us Bega Bega R/p
Melichrus urceolatus
Mentha diemenica
  Us Bega Bega Bega APII APII APII  
Microlaena stipoides
Weeping-grass Bega Bega Bega APII O
Microstis sp.
An onion orchid   R
Myriophyllum sp.
Milfoil   R
Opercularia hispida
Hairy Stinkweed   O
Ophioglossum lusitanicum
Adderís Tongue   O
Oreomyrrhis eriopoda
Native Carraway   R
Oxalis perennans
Grassland Wood-Sorrel Us Bega Bega APII APII  
Panicum effusum
Hairy Panic Bega Bega Bega APII O
Persicaria prostrata
  Bega APII APII  
?Pimelea curviflora
(?var. sericea)
Curved Rice-flower Us Bega Bega Bega APII APII APII R
Pimelea glauca
Shrubby Rice-flower   R/p
Plantago gaudichaudii
Narrow Plantain   O
Plantago varia
Variable Plantain Bega Bega Bega O
Poa labillardieri
River Tussock Us Bega Bega Bega Bega Bega O
Poa meionectes
  Bega Bega Bega Bega O
Poa sieberiana
Poa Tussock APII APII R
Poa sp.
A tussock grass   R
# Polygala japonica
  Us Us Bega Bega  
Poranthera microphylla
Small Poranthera APII APII R/p
# Pteridium esculentum   Bracken Fern Bega Bega Bega Bega APII  
Pterostylis falcata
(or maybe furcata?)
A greenhood orchid Us Bega O
Pultenaea subspicata
Low Bush-pea Us Bega Bega APII APII R
Ranunculus lappaceus
Common Buttercup Us Bega Bega Bega APII APII O
Ranunculus sp.
A buttercup   R/p
Rumex brownii
Swamp Dock   R
Rumex dumosus
Wiry Dock   R
Sarga leiocladum
Schoenus apogon
Common Bog-sedge Us Bega Bega APII APII O
Scleranthus biflorus
Senecio quadridentatus
Hoary Ragwort, Fireweed   R
Solenogyne dominii
Smooth Solenogyne   O
Solenogyne gunnii
Hairy Solenogyne   O
Spiranthes sinesis
(probably sinensis)
  Bega Bega APII APII  
Stackhousia monogyna
Creamy Candles APII APII O
Stylidium graminifolium
Grass Trigger-plant Us Us Us Bega Bega APII APII APII O
Thelymitra sp.
A sun orchid Bega Bega O
Themeda australis
Kangaroo-grass APII O
Thysanotus tuberosus
Common Fringe-lily Us Us Bega Bega APII APII R/p
Tricoryne elatior
Yellow Rush-lily Us Us Us Us Bega Bega Bega Bega APII APII APII O
Triptilodiscus pygmaeus
Austral Sunray Us Bega Bega APII O/p
Utricularia dichotoma
Velleia montana
Montane Velleia Bega APII R/p
Veronica calycina
  Bega Bega Bega APII APII  
Veronica gracilis
Graceful Speedwell Us Us Us Bega Bega O
# Veronica sp. A (i.e. as-yet un-named)
('Very distinctive linear leaves') Us Us  
Viola betonicifolia
Native violet Us Bega Bega APII APII R
Vittadinia cuneata
Fuzzy New Holland Daisy, Fuzzweed Bega Bega Bega Bega APII APII O
Vittadinia muelleri
Narrow-leafed New Holland Daisy Us (Late Spring) Us (Late Summer) Bega Bega Bega Bega R/p/c
# Wahlenbergia gracilis
Native bluebells Us O
Wahlenbergia spp.
Native bluebells Us O
Wurmbea dioica
Early Nancy Bega Bega APII APII APII APII R

Table 2: Introduced Species

Scientific Name
Common Name
Photo Links
Acetosella vulgaris
European Sorrel IEWF Bega Bega Bega O
Aira sp.
Hair Grass Bega Bega O
Anagallis arvensis
Scarlet Pimpernel IEWF Bega Bega Bega Bega R
Anthoxanthum odoratum
Sweet Vernal-grass Bega Bega Bega R/p
Briza minor
Shivery-grass IEWF Bega Bega R
Bromus hordaceus
Soft Brome-grass   R
* Carduus nutans
* Nodding thistle IEWF Bega Bega Bega R
Centaurium erythraea
Pink Stars or Common Centaury Us Us Bega Bega Bega R
Cerastium glomeratum
Mouse-ear Chickweed IEWF Bega R
Cirsium vulgare
Black (or Spear) Thistle IEWF Bega Bega Bega Bega R
* Conyza bonariensis
* Narrow-Leafed) Fleabane Bega Bega Bega Bega R
* Echium plantagineum
* Paterson's Curse (etc.) IEWF Bega Bega Bega Bega Bega R
# Gamochaeta coarctata
Spike Cudweed (Kerguelen, WA, USA, plus Wood p. 123, plate 464)  
Gnaphalium americanum
(?syn. = Gamochaeta amerucana
and/or G. purpurea).
But see also G. coarctata
A cudweed Us R
Holcus lanatus
Yorkshire Fog, Fog Grass Us Bega Bega Bega Bega R
Hypochaeris glabra
Smooth Catís-ear   R
Hypochaeris radicata
Catís-ear Us IEWF Bega Bega O
Lepidium africanum
A peppercress   R/p
* Nassella trichotoma
* Serrated Tussock IEWF Bega Bega Bega Bega Bega Bega O/p
Paronchia brasiliana
Chilean Whitlow-wort Bega Bega Bega O
Paspalum dilatatum
Paspalum IEWF Bega Bega Bega R
Petrorhagia nanteuilii
Proliferous Pink Bega Bega Bega Bega Bega Bega O
# Phalaris aquatica
# Phalaris Bega Bega Bega Bega Bega  
Plantago coronopus
Buckís-horn Plantain Bega Bega Bega O
Plantago lanceolata
Ribwort or Ribbed Plantain Bega Bega O
* Rosa rubiginosa
* Sweet Briar Bega Bega Bega R
* Rubus fruticosus spp.agg.
* Blackberry IEWF Bega Bega Bega Bega Bega Bega R
* Salix sp.
* A willow   R
# Sisyrinchium iridifolium
Pigroot (South African) Us Us Bega Bega  
Sisyrinchium sp. A
A scourweed Bega Bega Bega R
Sonchus oleraceus
Common Sow-thistle IEWF Bega Bega Bega Bega Bega R
# Tolpis umbellata
  Us Bega Bega Bega APII R
Taraxacum officinale
Dandelion Bega Bega Bega R
Trifolium spp.
Clovers and trefoils   R
Vulpia sp.
A ratís-tail fescue Bega O

This is a page within the Bunhybee Grasslands Web-Site, home-page here, and site-map here

Contact: Linda or Roger

Created: 31 December 2008; Last Amended: 3 March 2009