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Final Version of 30 July 2015
Roger Clarke **
© Xamax Consultancy Pty Ltd, 2014-15
Available under an AEShareNet licence or a Creative Commons licence.
This document is at http://www.rogerclarke.com/EC/BDBR-Supp.html
The prior version is at http://www.rogerclarke.com/EC/BDBR-140920.html
This document provides Supplementary Materials in support of the paper 'Big Data, Big Risks', at http://www.rogerclarke.com/EC/BDBR.html
That paper presents a series of seven Scenarios, interspersed within a theoretical assessment of data quality and decision quality factors in big data and big data analytics.
Elements of the seven Scenarios are readily found throughout the formal literatures and media reports. The purpose of this document, however, is to outline the immediate inspiration for each of the Scenarios.
This is an extrapolation from existing approaches in stock exchange contexts (an industry sector in which the author has some professional experience), overlaid with 'big data' concepts. Searches on the terms already identify substantial professional and academic literatures on the topic.
Occasional media reports, including this one:
Cuomo C. et al. (2009) ''GMA' Gets Answers: Some Credit Card Companies Financially Profiling Customers' ABC News, 28 January 2009, at http://abcnews.go.com/GMA/TheLaw/gma-answers-credit-card-companies-financially-profiling-customers/story?id=6747461
Correspondence from a colleague about findings from data analytics reported by a government agency.
This is based on personal experience in relation to the analysis of rainfall patterns near the author's conservation property, combined with the climate science debates of the last decade.
See, for example, the boldness of this paper:
Reek T., Doty S.R. & Owen T.W. (1992) 'A Deterministic Approach to the Validation of Historical Daily Temperature and Precipitation Data from the Cooperative Network' Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. 73, 6 (June 1992) 753-762, at http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/pdf/10.1175/1520-0477%281992%29073%3C0753%3AADATTV%3E2.0.CO%3B2
This is a straightforward extrapolation from the large volume of material published in recent years about 'behavioural targeting', 'web analytics' and 'interest-based targeting'.
See, for example:
O'Reilly (2012) 'Big Data Now' O'Reilly Media, 2012, pp. 56-59, at http://www.oreilly.com/data/free/big-data-now-2012.csp
Park S.-H., Huh S.-Y., Oh W. & Han A.P. (2012) 'A Social Network-Based Inference Model for Validating Customer Profile Data' MIS Quarterly 36, 4 (December 2012) 1217-1237, at http://www.is.cityu.edu.hk/staff/sangphan/mobility/papers/BI_MISQ_%5BHAN,%2520Sang%2520Pil%5D.pdf
Chen J. & Stallaert J. (2014) 'An Economic Analysis of Online Advertising Using Behavioral Targeting' MIS Quarterly 38, 2 (June 2014) 429-449, at http://www.utdallas.edu/~chenjq/Doc/Behavioral%20Targeting.pdf
In September 2014, the Australian Attorney-General announced upgraded security assessments for all Australian government staff.
AGD (2014) 'Australian Government Personnel Security Core Policy' Attorney-General's Dept, 2 September 2014, at http://www.protectivesecurity.gov.au/personnelsecurity/Pages/default.aspx
Coyne A. (2014) 'Brandis boosts vetting of APS staff to prevent insider threats' itNews, 2 September 2014, at http://www.itnews.com.au/News/391656,brandis-boosts-vetting-of-aps-staff-to-prevent-insider-threats.aspx
The first sentence is taken directly from a passage on p. 14 of a well-known
book, with is much-loved by reviewers, e.g.
Mayer-Schonberger V. & Cukier K. (2013) 'Big Data: A Revolution That Will Transform How We Live, Work and Think' John Murray, 2013
The notion of research funding agencies shifting significant amounts across to digital research was reinforced by the announcement of Australia's second and third Big Data Research Centres during the same month that the scenario was drafted:
Roger Clarke is Principal of Xamax Consultancy Pty Ltd, Canberra. He is also a Visiting Professor in the Cyberspace Law & Policy Centre at the University of N.S.W., and a Visiting Professor in the Research School of Computer Science at the Australian National University.
The content and infrastructure for these community service pages are provided by Roger Clarke through his consultancy company, Xamax.
From the site's beginnings in August 1994 until February 2009, the infrastructure was provided by the Australian National University. During that time, the site accumulated close to 30 million hits. It passed 65 million in early 2021.
Sponsored by the Gallery, Bunhybee Grasslands, the extended Clarke Family, Knights of the Spatchcock and their drummer
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Created: 28 August 2014 - Last Amended: 30 July 2015 by Roger Clarke - Site Last Verified: 15 February 2009
This document is at www.rogerclarke.com/EC/BDBR-Supp.html