Property Rights in Knowledge-Based Products and Applications

Roger Clarke
Australian National University

Version of 5 March 1989

Published in Expert Systems [U.K.]
Translated into Japanese and republished in Nikkei AI

© Roger Clarke, 1987, 1988, 1989

As Knowledge-Based Technology (KBT) becomes commercially exploitable, large financial commitments are being made, and businessmen are increasingly concerned to protect those investments. The nature of property rights in software is outlined. Issues arising in relation to software in general, and KBT in particular, are considered, and some significant areas of uncertainty are identified.

It should not be assumed that investment in KBT-based products and applications automatically gives rise to property rights in the resulting software. Investors and technologists should seek legal advice as to whether, in the relevant legal jurisdictions, copyright or other intellectual property rights apply to their software. Further, they should take the steps necessary to establish and retain such rights.


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Last Amended: 15 October 1995

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