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Version of 24 March 2006
This document is an Appendix to 'A Cost-Profile of Journal-Publishing'
© Xamax Consultancy Pty Ltd, 2005-06
Available under an AEShareNet licence or a Creative Commons licence.
This document is at http://www.rogerclarke.com/EC/JP-CP-ASJHC.html
This Appendix presents an indicative cost-profile for a particular kind of journal-publisher.
The organisational category addressed here is an Association that publishes a single journal, in hard-copy but also with an electronic version, primarily as a service to its members, and secondarily for subscribers and (probably on a deferred basis) the general public. The revenue model is based on allocation of a proportion of the membership-fee.
It is not an formally an eJournal, but publishes the Contents of its Issues, probably including Abstracts and (probably with some qualifications) the full text of the articles, on its own web-site.
It is assumed to comprise quarterly Issues, each with 7-8 articles, for a total of 30 articles p.a.
|Conception and articulation of the journal's name, scope, philosophy and modus operandi||Undertaken by senior academics|
|2||Preliminary negotiations within the intellectual community||Undertaken by senior academics|
|3||Preliminary negotiations with potential providers of operational resources||Undertaken by senior academics|
|4||Preliminary negotiations with potential providers of infrastructure||Undertaken by senior academics|
|5||Acquisition of investment and working capital||Undertaken by senior academics|
|6||Appointment of Board, Editor and Editorial Committee(s)||Undertaken by senior academics|
|7||Accumulation of Referees List||Undertaken by senior academics|
|8||Acquisition of infrastructure||Undertaken by senior academics, with some support from Association executives, and with the Web-site run probably using gratis, open source tools|
|9||Acquisition of operational resources||Undertaken by senior academics, but probably with a budget for an Assistant to the Editor|
|10||Acquisition of intellectual property (logos, trademarks, copyrights, licences)||Undertaken by senior academics, with some support from Association executives|
|11||Preparation of formal components of the printed journal and web-site||Undertaken by senior academics, with some support from Association executives|
|12||Preparation of web-site||Supervised by senior academics, with some support from Association executives, and undertaken by junior academics or students|
|13||Announcement to the community||Undertaken by senior academics|
|14||Issue of initial calls for papers||Undertaken by senior academics|
|Receipt, acknowledgement and management||Editor, Editorial Committee and Referees, supported by a
assistant, and possibly also by junior academics or students
$12,000 p.a., equivalent to $3,000 per Issue or $400 per article
|2||Conduct and management of the assessment process||Editor, Editorial Committee and Referees, generally gratis, but possibly with an honorarium for the Editor, and possibly allowances, free advertising or similar partial recompense|
|Production-editing||Partly by the Editor or a member of the Editorial
Committee, partly by junior academics or students, and partly for-fee by an
outsourced service provider|
$10,000 p.a., equivalent to $2,500 per Issue or $330 per article
|2||Cataloguing||Partly by the Editor or a member of the Editorial Committee, and partly by junior academics or students|
|Editorial||Effort by the Editor|
|2||Production-editing||Partly by the Editor or a member of the Editorial Committee, partly by junior academics or students, and partly for-fee by an outsourced service provider, but included above|
|3||Production||For hard-copy issues, for-fee by an outsourced service
Assuming 10,000 copies per Issue and $1.50 per tome, then $60,000 p.a., equivalent to $15,000 per Issue or $2,000 per article
For the Web-site, by the Editor, partly supported by a junior academic or student, and partly by an outsourced service provider
$5,000 p.a., equivalent to $1,250 per Issue or $250 per article
|5||Distribution||For-fee by an outsourced service provider|
Assuming 10,000 copies per Issue, then $20,000 p.a., equivalent to $5,000 per Issue or $700 per article
|Marketing||Limited, undertaken primarily by senior academics, with
some for-fee support from an outsourced service provider|
$5,000 p.a., equivalent to $1,250 per Issue or $170 per article
|2||Customer relationship management||An Association responsibility and cost|
|3||Archive management||Dependent on libraries and on the Association|
|4||Indexing||Dependent on indexing services and on commercial search-engines such as Google, or using an on-site search-engine, probably open-source and gratis|
|5||Governance||Undertaken by the Editor and Editorial Committee, in conjunction with Association executives|
|Editor and Editorial Committee(s)||Undertaken by senior academics|
|2||A pool of referees||Undertaken by senior academics|
|3||Communications channels||Arranged by senior academics, supported by junior academics or students|
|4||Norms for communications and formatting||Undertaken by senior academics|
|5||Production facilities||Undertaken by the Editor and Editorial Committee, in conjunction with Association executives||6||Subscription-list facilities||Undertaken by the Editor and Editorial Committee, in conjunction with Association executives|
|7||Distribution mechanisms||Undertaken by the Editor and Editorial Committee, in conjunction with Association executives|
|Interest on investment capital||Very little|
|2||Interest on working capital||Very little|
|Operations – Submission-Related||$12,000 p.a., equivalent to $3,000 per Issue or $400 per article|
|Operations – Article-Related||$10,000 p.a., equivalent to $2,500 per Issue or $330 per article|
|Operations – Issue-Related||$85,000 p.a., equivalent to $21,250 per Issue or $2,850 per article|
|Operations – Generic||$5,000 p.a., equivalent to $1,250 per Issue or $170 per article|
|TOTAL||$112,000 p.a., $28,000 per Issue or $3,750 per article|
The undertaking is funded from the membership fees paid by Members of the Association, perhaps to some extent offset by non-member subscriptions (particularly libraries and other institutions) and advertising. For an Association of 10,000 Members, the publishing costs of the journal are up to about $11 p.a. (of a fee of perhaps $300).
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Created: 31 March 2005 - Last Amended: 24 March 2006 by Roger Clarke - Site Last Verified: 15 February 2009
This document is at www.rogerclarke.com/EC/JP-CP-ASJHC.html