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Version of 24 March 2006
This document is an Appendix to 'A Cost-Profile of Journal-Publishing'
© Xamax Consultancy Pty Ltd, 2005-06
Available under an AEShareNet licence or a Creative Commons licence.
This document is at http://www.rogerclarke.com/EC/JP-CP-AMJ.html
This Appendix presents an indicative cost-profile for a particular kind of journal-publisher.
The organisational category addressed here is an Association that publishes multiple journals.
Two primary variants are considered, the conventional hard-copy and the eJournal approach. In either case, the Association conducts its publishing activity primarily as a service to its members, and secondarily for subscribers and (probably on a deferred basis) the general public. The revenue model is based on allocation of a proportion of the membership-fee.
To enable the computation of per-article estimates that are reasonably comparable with those for other categories, each journal is assumed to comprise quarterly Issues, each with 7-8 articles, for a total of 30 articles p.a.
Within each of the two primary variants of hard-copy or eJournal, a further choice exists:
There are likely to be advantages for all concerned in using common production and distribution infrastructure, including templates, format-conversion tools, cataloguing tools, and the host, web-server and search-engine. Using common resources for the production activities, on the other hand, incurs additional coordination costs, and the net effect may well be cost-neutral.
A conservative approach is to assume that no cost-savings are available, and that the cost-profile for the five-journal association is simply five times that for the single-journal association.
Alternatively, savings can be made, or additional revenues raised. For example, members may receive only one journal as part of their membership fees, and have to pay a supplement for additional journals.
|Operations – Submission-Related||5 journals, each $12,000 p.a., equivalent to $3,000 per Issue or $400 per article|
|Operations – Article-Related||5 journals, each $10,000 p.a., equivalent to $2,500 per Issue or $330 per article|
|Operations – Issue-Related||5 journals, each $85,000 p.a., equivalent to $21,250 per Issue or $2,850 per article|
|Operations – Generic||5 journals, each $5,000 p.a., equivalent to $1,250 per Issue or $170 per article|
|TOTAL||5 journals, each $112,000 p.a., $28,000 per Issue or $3,750 per article, or $560,000 p.a.|
|Operations – Submission-Related||5 eJournals, each $12,000 p.a., equivalent to $3,000 per Issue or
|Operations – Article-Related||5 eJournals, each $10,000 p.a., equivalent to $2,500 per Issue or
|Operations – Issue-Related||Negligible|
|Operations – Generic||Negligible|
|TOTAL||5 eJournals, each $22,000 p.a., $5,500 per Issue or $730 per article, or $110,000 p.a.|
The undertakings are funded from the membership fees paid by Members of the Association, perhaps to some extent offset by non-member subscriptions (particularly libraries and other institutions) and advertising. For an Association of 10,000 Members, the publishing costs of 5 journals are up to about $55 p.a. for hard-copy journals, or $11 for eJournals (of a fee of perhaps $300). A small Association of, say, 250 members would face prohibitive costs of $2,240 per member for 5 hard-copy journals, or $440 per member even for 5 eJournals.
The content and infrastructure for these community service pages are provided by Roger Clarke through his consultancy company, Xamax.
From the site's beginnings in August 1994 until February 2009, the infrastructure was provided by the Australian National University. During that time, the site accumulated close to 30 million hits. It passed 50 million in early 2015.
Sponsored by Bunhybee Grasslands, the extended Clarke Family, Knights of the Spatchcock and their drummer
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Created: 31 March 2005 - Last Amended: 24 March 2006 by Roger Clarke - Site Last Verified: 15 February 2009
This document is at www.rogerclarke.com/EC/JP-CP-AMJ.html