Roger Clarke's Web-Site

 

© Xamax Consultancy Pty Ltd,  1995-2016


Roger Clarke's 'The Big Risks in Big Data'

Big Data, Big Risks
Supplementary Materials

Final Version of 30 July 2015

Roger Clarke **

© Xamax Consultancy Pty Ltd, 2014-15

Available under an AEShareNet Free
for Education licence or a Creative Commons 'Some
Rights Reserved' licence.

This document is at http://www.rogerclarke.com/EC/BDBR-Supp.html

The prior version is at http://www.rogerclarke.com/EC/BDBR-140920.html


This document provides Supplementary Materials in support of the paper 'Big Data, Big Risks', at http://www.rogerclarke.com/EC/BDBR.html

That paper presents a series of seven Scenarios, interspersed within a theoretical assessment of data quality and decision quality factors in big data and big data analytics.

Elements of the seven Scenarios are readily found throughout the formal literatures and media reports. The purpose of this document, however, is to outline the immediate inspiration for each of the Scenarios.

(1) Fraud Detection

This is an extrapolation from existing approaches in stock exchange contexts (an industry sector in which the author has some professional experience), overlaid with 'big data' concepts. Searches on the terms already identify substantial professional and academic literatures on the topic.

(2) Creditworthiness

Occasional media reports, including this one:

Cuomo C. et al. (2009) ''GMA' Gets Answers: Some Credit Card Companies Financially Profiling Customers' ABC News, 28 January 2009, at http://abcnews.go.com/GMA/TheLaw/gma-answers-credit-card-companies-financially-profiling-customers/story?id=6747461

(3) Foster Parenting

Correspondence from a colleague about findings from data analytics reported by a government agency.

(4) Precipitation Events

This is based on personal experience in relation to the analysis of rainfall patterns near the author's conservation property, combined with the climate science debates of the last decade.

See, for example, the boldness of this paper:

Reek T., Doty S.R. & Owen T.W. (1992) 'A Deterministic Approach to the Validation of Historical Daily Temperature and Precipitation Data from the Cooperative Network' Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. 73, 6 (June 1992) 753-762, at http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/pdf/10.1175/1520-0477%281992%29073%3C0753%3AADATTV%3E2.0.CO%3B2

(5) Ad Targeting

This is a straightforward extrapolation from the large volume of material published in recent years about 'behavioural targeting', 'web analytics' and 'interest-based targeting'.

See, for example:

O'Reilly (2012) 'Big Data Now' O'Reilly Media, 2012, pp. 56-59, at http://www.oreilly.com/data/free/big-data-now-2012.csp

Park S.-H., Huh S.-Y., Oh W. & Han A.P. (2012) 'A Social Network-Based Inference Model for Validating Customer Profile Data' MIS Quarterly 36, 4 (December 2012) 1217-1237, at http://www.is.cityu.edu.hk/staff/sangphan/mobility/papers/BI_MISQ_%5BHAN,%2520Sang%2520Pil%5D.pdf

Chen J. & Stallaert J. (2014) 'An Economic Analysis of Online Advertising Using Behavioral Targeting' MIS Quarterly 38, 2 (June 2014) 429-449, at http://www.utdallas.edu/~chenjq/Doc/Behavioral%20Targeting.pdf

(6) Insider Detection

In September 2014, the Australian Attorney-General announced upgraded security assessments for all Australian government staff.

AGD (2014) 'Australian Government Personnel Security Core Policy' Attorney-General's Dept, 2 September 2014, at http://www.protectivesecurity.gov.au/personnelsecurity/Pages/default.aspx

Coyne A. (2014) 'Brandis boosts vetting of APS staff to prevent insider threats' itNews, 2 September 2014, at http://www.itnews.com.au/News/391656,brandis-boosts-vetting-of-aps-staff-to-prevent-insider-threats.aspx

(7) Cancer Treatment

The first sentence is taken directly from a passage on p. 14 of a well-known book, with is much-loved by reviewers, e.g. http://datascience.berkeley.edu/book-review-big-data-a-revolution-that-will-transform-how-we-live-work-and-think/:
Mayer-Schonberger V. & Cukier K. (2013) 'Big Data: A Revolution That Will Transform How We Live, Work and Think' John Murray, 2013

The notion of research funding agencies shifting significant amounts across to digital research was reinforced by the announcement of Australia's second and third Big Data Research Centres during the same month that the scenario was drafted:


Author Affiliations

Roger Clarke is Principal of Xamax Consultancy Pty Ltd, Canberra. He is also a Visiting Professor in the Cyberspace Law & Policy Centre at the University of N.S.W., and a Visiting Professor in the Research School of Computer Science at the Australian National University.



xamaxsmall.gif missing
The content and infrastructure for these community service pages are provided by Roger Clarke through his consultancy company, Xamax.

From the site's beginnings in August 1994 until February 2009, the infrastructure was provided by the Australian National University. During that time, the site accumulated close to 30 million hits. It passed 50 million in early 2015.

Sponsored by Bunhybee Grasslands, the extended Clarke Family, Knights of the Spatchcock and their drummer
Xamax Consultancy Pty Ltd
ACN: 002 360 456
78 Sidaway St, Chapman ACT 2611 AUSTRALIA
Tel: +61 2 6288 6916

Created: 28 August 2014 - Last Amended: 30 July 2015 by Roger Clarke - Site Last Verified: 15 February 2009
This document is at www.rogerclarke.com/EC/BDBR-Supp.html
Mail to Webmaster   -    © Xamax Consultancy Pty Ltd, 1995-2013   -    Privacy Policy