1 See Roger Clarke et al, A Primer on Internet Technology (1998) <http://www.anu.edu.au/people/Roger.Clarke/II/IPrimer.html> at 21 May 2001.

2 For a deeper discussion of trust in cyberspace, see Roger Clarke, `Of Trustworthiness and Pets: What Lawyers Haven't Done for e-Business' (Paper presented at 5th Biennial Pacific Rim Computer Law Conference, Sydney, 22-24 February 2001) <http://www.anu.edu.au/people/Roger.Clarke/EC/PacRimCL01.html> at 21 May 2001.

3 See further Roger Clarke, `Key Issues in Electronic Commerce and Electronic Publishing' (Paper presented at Information Online and On Disc 99 Conference, Sydney, 19-21 January 1999) <http://www.anu.edu.au/people/Roger.Clarke/EC/Issues98.html#Iss2> at 21 May 2001.

4 See Roger Clarke, `The Digital Persona and its Application to Data Surveillance' (1994) 10(2) The Information Society 77-92, <http://www.anu.edu.au/people/Roger.Clarke/DV/DigPersona.html> at 21 May 2001. Deeper analyses are available of the theory of dataveillance (Roger Clarke, `Information Technology and Dataveillance' in C Dunlop and R Kling (eds), Controversies in Computing (1991) 496-522); of human identification (Roger Clarke, `Human Identification in Information Systems: Management Challenges and Public Policy Issues' (1994) 7(4) Information Technology and People, 6); of direct marketing and privacy (Roger Clarke, `Direct Marketing and Privacy' (Paper presented at AIC Conference on the Direct Distribution of Financial Services, Sydney, 24 February 1998) <http://www.anu.edu.au/people/Roger.Clarke/DV/DirectMkting.html> at 21 May 2001); and of privacy on the Internet (Roger Clarke, `Information Privacy On the Internet: Cyberspace Invades Personal Space' (1998) 48(2) Telecommunications Journal of Australia 61-67).

5 For an introduction to information security matters see Roger Clarke, `Introduction to Information Security' (?) <http://www.anu.edu.au/people/Roger.Clarke/EC/IntroSecy.html> at 21 May 2001.


A notable Editorial in The Sydney Morning Herald after the passage of the Privacy Amendment (Private Sector) Act 2000 (Cth) concluded that because the legislation `allows businesses to continue to build electronic lists ... [M]any cynics will continue along the path of least resistance: filling in those annoying forms anyway - with an alias and a fictional address': `Editorial', The Sydney Morning Herald (Sydney) 8 December 2000 18.

7 See Roger Clarke, `Identified, Anonymous and Pseudonymous Transactions: The Spectrum of Choice' (Paper presented at User Identification and Privacy Protection Conference, Stockholm, 14-15 June 1999) <http://www.anu.edu.au/people/Roger.Clarke/DV/UIPP99.html> at 21 May 2001.

8 See further Roger Clarke, `Beyond the OECD Guidelines: Privacy Protection for the 21st Century' (2000) <http://www.anu.edu.au/people/Roger.Clarke/DV/PP21C.html> at 21 May 2001.

9 See Roger Clarke, `Human Identification in Information Systems: Management Challenges and Public Policy Issues', above n 4; Roger Clarke, `Chip-Based ID: Promise and Peril' (Paper presented at International Conference on Privacy, Montreal, 23-26 September 1997) <http://www.anu.edu.au/people/Roger.Clarke/DV/IDCards97.html> at 21 May 2001.

10 See Roger Clarke, `Person-Location and Person-Tracking: Technologies, Risks and Policy Implications' (Paper presented at 21st International Conference on Privacy and Personal Data Protection, Hong Kong, September 1999) http://www.anu.edu.au/people/Roger.Clarke/DV/PLT.html at 21 May 2001.

11 See further Roger Clarke, `The Fundamental Inadequacies of Conventional Public Key Infrastructure' (Paper presented at European Conference in Information Systems 2001 Conference, Slovenia, 27-29 June 2001) <http://www.anu.edu.au/people/Roger.Clarke/II/ECIS2001.html> at 8 June 2001.

12 See Roger Clarke, `Submission to the Commonwealth Attorney-General Re: "A privacy scheme for the private sector: Release of Key Provisions" of 14 December 1999' (2000) <http://www.anu.edu.au/people/Roger.Clarke/DV/PAPSSub0001.html> at 8 June 2001.

13 As argued in Roger Clarke, `Internet Privacy Concerns Confirm the Case for Intervention' (1999) 42(2) Communications of the Association for Computing Machinery 60 <http://www.anu.edu.au/people/Roger.Clarke/DV/CACM99.html> at 8 June 2001.